- Australia Group,Wassenaar Arrangement,MTCR,NSG
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), an informal and voluntary partnership among 35 countries that regulates trade in sensitive equipment and technologies to ensure there is no proliferation of missile and unmanned aerial vehicle technology capable of carrying payloads above 500kg for more than 300km. India had joined it in June 2016.
India had joined Wassenaar Arrangement, which is also an informal grouping of 42 countries, exercising control over the export of dual-use goods and technologies in December 2017.
NSG, which controls the export of sensitive nuclear technologies and equipment, with the aim of preventing nuclear weapons’ proliferation is only export control group that India is not part of.
It is multilateral export control regime (MECR) and informal group that works to counter spread of materials, equipment and technologies that could contribute to development or acquisition of chemical and biological weapons (CBW) by states or terrorist groups through harmonisation of export controls.
In 2005, GoI enacted Disaster Management Act. Under this were created – NDMA & NDRF (National Disaster Response Force).
NDRF has 12 battalions out of which it 3 each from CRPF and BSF, 2 each from CISF, SSB and ITBP.
Issues: Management comes under 2 auth. – Home ministry controls funds and execution and NDMA has administrative control.
Force doesn’t have own air wing so in case of disaster it has to call upon the Indian Air Force.
- Article 35A
Article 35A is a provision incorporated in the Constitution giving the Jammu and Kashmir Legislature a carte blanche to decide who all are ‘permanent residents’ of the State and confer on them special rights and privileges in public sector jobs, acquisition of property in the State, scholarships and other public aid and welfare. The provision mandates that no act of the legislature coming under it can be challenged for violating the Constitution or any other law of the land.
Article 35A was incorporated into the Constitution in 1954 by an order of the then President Rajendra Prasad on the advice of the Jawaharlal Nehru Cabinet. The controversial Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order of 1954 followed the 1952 Delhi Agreement entered into between Nehru and the then Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Sheikh Abdullah, which extended Indian citizenship to the ‘State subjects’ of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Presidential Order was issued under Article 370 (1) (d) of the Constitution. This provision allows the President to make certain “exceptions and modifications” to the Constitution for the benefit of ‘State subjects’ of Jammu and Kashmir.
So Article 35A was added to the Constitution as a testimony of the special consideration the Indian government accorded to the ‘permanent residents’ of Jammu and Kashmir.
EPFO is a statutory body of Union Government that comes under the aegis of Ministry of Labour and Employment. It is headquartered in New Delhi. It is one of largest social security organisations in India in terms volume of financial transactions undertaken and number of covered beneficiaries. It administers compulsory contributory Provident Fund Scheme (1952), Pension Scheme (1995) and Insurance Scheme (1976).
National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a proposed quasi-judicial body in India that will govern the companies in India. It will be established under the Companies Act, 2013 and is a successor body of the Company Law Board. The principal bench of NCLT is expected to be established in New Delhi. NCLT will have the same powers as assigned to the erstwhile Company Law Board (which are mostly related to dealing with oppression and mismanagement), Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR)(revival of sick companies) and powers related to winding up of companies (which was available only with the High Court’s).
The Government of India ordered setting up National Statistical Commission on 1 June 2005 on the recommendation of C. RangarajanEconomic Advisory Council. The National Statistical Commission (NSC) of India is an autonomous body which formed in July 2005.
The objective of its constitution is to reduce the problems faced by statistical agencies in the country in relation to collection of data.
Statistical agencies like the Central Statistical Office (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) face numerous problems in collecting data from State and Central government departments, but an autonomous body like the NSC is thought to be more able to coordinate things as a statutory status would lend it teeth.
It would lay special emphasis on ensuring collection of unbiased data so as to restore public trust in the figures released by the Government.
Consider the following statements
1. NDMA is the apex body for disaster management in India
2. Nodal ministry in the central government for management of natural disasters is the Ministry of External Affairs
Select the correct answer using the code below
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
In which of the following export control groups India is not part of
A. Australia group
C. Wassenaar agreement