UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 5 Feb 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
5th February 2018
Alam beg, martyr of sepoy mutiny, wants to return home
Skull and body remains of Indian sepoy participated in sepoy Mutiny are found to be in a pub in london.
Easier norms may hep Indian firms go global
India’s proposed outward direct investment policy is meant to make easier for Indian firms to grow global. But, concerns of round tripping are a major hurdle to overcome.
Agriculture needs more than just quick fixes
MSP raise announced by the Government can make Indian agricultural products uncompetitive in international market. The longterm competitiveness of Indian agriculture can be attained only through mechanisation, increased productivity, long term credit and better rural infrastructure.
If that door should shut now
Govt of India has answered supreme court in the context of rohingyas that if refugees are allowed India can become a world capital of refugees. In this scenario, India’s past history is observed it was always a land of compassion. It invited people facing persecution on their land to come and settle in India.
It is either zorastrians (Parsis) from Iran, Dalailama from tibet , Bengalis from Bangladesh, Tamils from srilanka. If carefully observed mass refugee movement in to India has occurred from Neighbourhood from the people who are facing victimisation.
In statecraft, Bahujana hitaya, Bahujana sukhaya is the rulers dharma. Refuge policy need to be guided by it.
Green shoots of renewal?
Revival of opposition party in Indian politics need a focus on the following
Ability to mobilise different sections of the society on social justice
Pan Indian appeal
Ability to expose divisive, communal agenda of BJP
Budget 2018 does well to focus on senior citizens, but action must be broad based. Rural India has significant population of elderly where budget did not focus on much. It’s emphasis is majorly on income tax concessions on savings.for example, budget has increased exemption limit on income earned through interest on savings to 50,000rs. Annual income tax deduction on health and insurance premiums is raised to 50,000rs. Pradhan mantra gaya Vandana Yojana extended for 2 years.
Crisis in male
President Abdulla Yaseen has defied to enforce supreme court orders to release leaders of opposition and to conduct elections. He also refused Majlis to meet. It threw island nation in to political crisis. Attorney general announced that only constitution matters and not the court orders explaining reasons for defying.
India and International community has a little leverage on Maldives now and it is in the best interests of yameen to protect democracy.
Understanding HPV vaccines risk
Human papilloma Vaccine is alleged to cause certain side effects like postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome. These diseases are vague and undefined.
Cervical cancer Disease burden in india is very high and objections on HPV can not be a reason to postpone the vaccine.