La Excellence IAS Academy

No more adjournment letters in after-notice bail cases: Supreme Court

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Polity

Topic: Judiciary

Issue: Adjournment for bail cases.

Context: The Supreme Court has decided to no longer accept adjournment letters in bail and anticipatory bail cases where notice has been issued.


  • An adjournment letter is a notice that a court has delayed a hearing to deal with a case when the concerned party is pleading “not guilty”.
  • “After Notice Matters”, the cases in which Court notice has been issued but the case is not admitted are listed.
  • Aims to reduce delays and pendency in court proceedings.
  • Adjournment requests will only be considered in exceptional circumstances, with strict limitations on their frequency.
+1 advantage for Mains


·           It marks a significant step towards improving judicial efficiency and reducing delays in the legal system.

·           It will instil discipline in litigation proceedings, ultimately expediting the resolution of pending cases.

Source: The Hindu

Reconsider withdrawal of Free Movement Regime, 5 Mizoram NGOs ask Centre

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject:  International Relations & Internal Security

Topic: India and its neighbourhood & North -East regional issues respectively

Issue: Free Movement Regime.

Context: Five non-government organizations in Mizoram have urged the Indian government to reconsider its decision to eliminate the Free Movement Regime (FMR) along the India-Myanmar border.

Free Movement Regime

  • The FMR allowed border residents of both countries (India and Myanmar) to travel up to 16 km within each other’s territory without needing a visa.
  • It is important in maintaining ethnic and cultural connections among the Zo ethnic group residing on both sides of the border.
  • The Mizos of Mizoram, Kuki-Zomis of Manipur, Chins of Myanmar, and Kuki-Chins of Bangladesh share ethnic ties, and the FMR played a crucial role in preserving these linkages.

Source: The Hindu

Kerala Assembly passes unanimous resolution requesting Centre to amend wildlife Act

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject: Environment & Ecology

Topic: Biodiversity and Conservation

Issue: Wildlife Protection Act,1972.

Context: The Kerala Legislative Assembly passed a resolution advising the Central government to amend the Wildlife Protection Act to address human-wildlife conflicts.

Demanded Amendments:

  • Aims to eliminate wildlife intrusions into human habitations, which endanger lives, damage property, destroy crops, and prey on livestock.
  • To declare wild pigs as vermin and the implementation of scientific and humane wildlife population control measures.Top of Form

(+ Prelims Connect)

Schedule I and

part II of schedule II

Animals which are in the category of endangered species. These are given absolute protection from hunting. Eg: Tiger.
Schedule III and IV These also have roughly the same provisions of section I and II, but cover animals that are not in danger of becoming extinct.
Schedule V Delineates animals that can be hunted like ducks and deer’s with the prior permission of chief wildlife warden. (Vermins)
Schedule VI Concerns cultivation and plant life and gives teeth to setting up more protected animal parks.

Source: The Hindu

Red Sea Crisis: India’s petroleum exports to Europe nosedive to an 18-month low in January

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject: Economy

Topic: Trade & External sector.

Issue: Red sea Crisis.

Context: India’s petroleum product exports to Europe hit a low in due to security concerns in the Red Sea region.


  • Security concerns in the Red Sea region forced major shipping companies to avoid the route.
  • Instead they chose the longer route around Africa via the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Indian fuel exports to Europe now take 15-20 days longer due to the rerouting.
  • India emerged as a major fuel supplier to Europe after Europe reduced its reliance on Russian energy imports following Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Prelims Connect:

Red Sea (Places In News):

Source: Indian Express

ISRO to launch INSAT-3DS on Feb 17, which will improve forecasts

Syllabus: GS- III

Subject: Science & Technology

Topic: Space technology

Issue: INSAT-3DS.

Context: The launch of INSAT-3DS.


  • Funded by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • It will enhance meteorological observations, particularly for tracking cyclones and other natural disasters.
  • it is part of the Third Generation Meteorological Satellite series and will provide
    • high-resolution images of the Earth,
    • vertical profiles of the atmosphere, and
    • aid in search and rescue operations.

Meteorological satellite: is a type of Earth observation satellite that is primarily used to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth.

Source: Indian Express

World needs inclusive govt.’s, clean, free of corruption: PM Modi

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Governance

Topic: Transparency

Issue: World Governments Summit.


PM Modi participated in the World Government Summit, held in Dubai, UAE.

He advocated for “minimum government, maximum governance”.

World Governments Summit:

·           It is an annual event held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

·           It serves as a global platform to engage in dialogue about governmental processes and policies.

Source: Indian Express

Daily Editorials

A demand that could hamper gender equality

Syllabus: GS-I

Subject: Society and Social Justice

Topic: Welfare schemes, mechanisms, laws and institutions related to Women

Issue: Menstrual Leaves

  • The Sabrimala temple issue highlighted gender discrimination in India.
  • Demanding paid leave for menstruation could hinder gender equality efforts.
  • It risks reinforcing menstrual stigma and widening the gender gap, as seen in Japan’s case.

Challenges:  Implementation challenges, including potential misuse and privacy violations, raise concerns.


  • Blanket policies may not be effective.
  • Tailored support and case-by-case accommodations promote inclusivity without perpetuating stereotypes.
  • Ultimately, recognizing diverse menstrual experiences is crucial for addressing individual needs while advancing gender equality.

Source: The Hindu

Plainly on MSP: Farmers Protest

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject: Economy

Topic: Agriculture and allied

Issue: Minimum Support Price

Context: Farmers are protesting demanding a legal agreement on Minimum Support Price (MSP).

Minimum Support Price (MSP):

  • It is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices.
  • The government can “guarantee” MSP only on the crops and the quantities that it buys.
  • It cannot procure the entire produce brought by farmers to the mandis.
  • Nor can it enforce MSP on private trade.
  • Private players might choose not to buy the product if MSP is imposed instead of leaving the prices to demand and supply terms.

Way forward:

  • Crop insurance and timely payout of claims.
  • A minimum income support (MIS) for farmers , that can be given via per-acre or per-farmer direct benefit transfers.
  • An MIS, in combination with a phase-out of water, electricity and fertiliser subsidies, will induce much-needed crop diversification.

Source: Indian Express