La Excellence IAS Academy

Maharashtra becomes first Indian state to buy land in Kashmir to construct ‘Bhawan’ for tourists: Report

Syllabus: GS-II; Subject: Polity,  Topic: Salient Features of Constitution

Context: Maharashtra to become the first Indian state to purchase land in Jammu and Kashmir.

Land purchases in Jammu & Kashmir:

  • The Jammu and Kashmir government approved the land transfer to Maharashtra..
  • Before the abrogation of Article 370, only Jammu and Kashmir residents could buy land, but now the government can lease land to outsiders.

 Prelims Connect (Article in News):

Article 370:

·        It provides special provisions for Jammu and Kashmir.

·        It exempts J&K from most constitutional provisions, except for Article 1 and Article 370 itself.

·        Article 370 serves as a passage for applying the Indian Constitution to J&K.

·        Through a 1954 order, most of the Indian Constitution, including amendments, was extended to J&K.


Source: Mint

Centre unveils project for cashless treatment of road crash victims

Syllabus: GS-I,  Subject: Current Affairs,  Topic: Schemes/Policies/Programmes

Context: Nationwide cashless medical treatment for accident victims launched under Motor Vehicle Act 2019.

 About the project: 

  1. Collaboration between the Ministry of Roads Transport & Highways and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  2. Aim: Reduce road accident fatalities by 50% by 2030.
  3. Initiative ensures prompt treatment during critical ‘golden hour’.
  4. The Road safety strategy includes education, engineering, enforcement, and emergency care.

Prelims Connect: Top of Form


Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act 2019

Key Provisions:

ü  Establishes Motor Vehicle Accident Fund for insurance cover to all road users.

ü  Raises minimum compensation for accidents, including hit-and-run cases.

ü  Requires new vehicles to be registered at the dealer level.

ü  Mandates state-issued licenses and IT Act compliance for taxi aggregators.

ü  Allows the central government to recall vehicles posing risks.

ü  Protects Good Samaritans from legal action for assisting accident victims.Top of Form

Terminology in News:

Golden Hour:

In emergency medicine, the “golden hour” is the first hour after a traumatic accident injury, when the chances of preventing death are highest with prompt medical treatment.

Source: The Hindu

Study flags mixed implementation of Forest Rights Act.

Syllabus: GS-III; Subject: Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management ; Topic: Forest Conservation, Issue: Forest Right Act,2006.

Context: A fact-finding committee found mixed implementation of the Forest Rights Act (FRA) in five states.


  • Overall, inadequate focus on community rights.
  • FRA neglects shifting cultivation (Jhum) in hill areas.
  • Confusion over categorizing tribe’s hampers implementation.
  • Some traditional forest dwellers left out of FRA recognition process.
  • Unclear distinction between individual and community rights.

Prelims Connect (Acts/Bills/Guidelines)

The Forest Rights Act (FRA) of 2006

Aim:  To rectify historical injustices faced by forest-dwelling communities and ensure their land tenure, livelihood, and food security.

Functions: Empowering forest dwellers, conserving forests, and maintaining ecological balance

Under the FRA:

·         Land Rights: Forest dwellers gain ownership rights to cultivated land, up to 4 hectares per family.

o    This land cannot be sold or transferred, only inherited.

·         Use Rights: Dwellers have rights to minor forest produce (excluding timber), grazing areas, and pastoralist routes.

·         Right to Protect and Conserve: Forest communities can manage and protect their forests, crucial in safeguarding against threats from industries and land grabbers.

Source: The Hindu

Daily Editorials

What it will take to have simultaneous elections in India: Unpacking the Kovind committee

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Legal Issues, Issue: Election Process

 Context: Recently the High Level Committee on Simultaneous Elections has submitted its report

     Brief details of the recommendation:

  • Recommends simultaneous elections for all three tiers.
  • Suggests synchronizing local body elections within 100 days of state and national elections.
  • 15 amendments to the Constitution of India are proposed.
  • Two Constitution Amendment Bills are recommended to implement the transition.

 Details of the First Constitution Amendment Bill:

  • Can be passed by Parliament without ratification by state assemblies.
  • Suggests inserting a new article, 82A, into the Constitution to establish the transition to simultaneous elections.
  • Suggests amending Article 327 to expand Parliament’s power to include the conduct of simultaneous elections.

Details of second Constitution Amendment bill:

  • Requires ratification by states due to its focus on municipal and panchayat elections falling under the State List.
  • A new Article 324A is proposed to empower Parliament to enact laws for simultaneous municipality and panchayat elections with General Elections.

New sub-clauses are recommended for Article 325, introducing a “Single Electoral Roll” for territorial constituencies covering elections at various levels.

Source: Indian Express

On One Nation One Election: No last word

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Election and RPA, Issue: Election Process

Context: the High Level Committee on Simultaneous Elections has submitted its report

  • The High-Level Committee on Simultaneous Elections has recommended holding polls to various levels of government concurrently.

 Concerns with the committee report:

  • The committee’s composition: the absence of some opposition members, suggests alignment with the government’s stance on simultaneous elections.
  • Argues for simultaneous elections citing resource efficiency and voter fatigue but overlooks the potential threat to federalism.
  • Opposition from political parties and dissenting voices like Tamil Nadu Election Commissioner. Concerns are mentioned but not adequately addressed.
  • Suggestions like state funding of elections and concerns about political accountability raised by former Chief Justices are briefly mentioned but dismissed.
  • The report’s dismissal of dissenting views as “misplaced” raises questions about its impartiality and thoroughness.


  • Critics argue that simultaneous elections could diminish political diversity and disadvantage regional parties.
  • The report’s conclusions does not adequately address the multifaceted implications of simultaneous elections.
  • This necessitate further discussion and consideration of dissenting views.

Source: Indian Express

S Y Quraishi on electoral bonds: No going back to square one

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Election and RPA, Issue: Election Process

Corruption in electoral funding:

  • Corruption in elections has been a longstanding issue.
  • Past attempts at reform like the Indrajit Gupta committee’s recommendations falling short due to lack of internal party democracy.
  • State funding of elections is not favored due to difficulty in monitoring expenses and potential for abuse by non-serious candidates.

The way to ensure clean electoral funding:

  • Funding political parties based on electoral performance, to promote transparency and reduce dependence on corporate donations.
  • Total ban on corporate donations and independent audit of party accounts to curb crony capitalism.
  • Establish a National Election Fund to replace electoral trusts.
  • allowing private entities to donate with tax concessions, and reducing fear of reprisal.
  • Many countries worldwide already provide state funds to political parties based on vote share, suggesting feasibility for India.
+1 Advantage for Mains (case study)

A 2012 study by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance:

·        Out of 180 countries studied, 71 nations provide state funds to political parties based on their vote share.

·        This system is prevalent in 86% of European countries, 71% in Africa, 63% in the Americas, and 58% in Asia.

·        The prevalence of state funding for political parties underscores its widespread acceptance and implementation globally.

Source: Indian Express

Has poverty really dropped to 5% in India?

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Economy, Topic: Poverty, Issue: Poverty Calculation

Context: NITI Aayog claimed that less than 5% of Indians now live below the poverty line

  • The Claim relies on data from the Household Consumption Expenditure Survey 2022-23.

Argument against reduction poverty:

  • Real wages have stagnated, growing by less than 1% annually since 2017.
  • Increase in employment is largely due to unpaid family helpers, with a significant portion of women workers remaining unpaid.
  • Overall increase in consumption is primarily driven by the higher economic class
  • GDP growth is primarily fueled by capital expenditure.
  • United Nations report indicating that 74% of Indians cannot afford the minimum nutritious diet prescribed by the FAO, highlighting persistent challenges.

 Issue in poverty calculation in India:

  • The Tendulkar poverty line, which is currently used, lacks a conceptual basis.
  • Issues with accuracy and comparability of data including base years

Data in India has become highly politicized Egg.- scrapping of the 2017-18 consumer expenditure survey and delays in releasing the PLFS until 2019 Lok Sabha elections

In issuing AI advisory, MEITY becomes a deity

Syllabus: GS- III, Subject: Science and Technology, Topic: Emerging Technologies, Issue: Artificial Intelligence

Context: Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) issued an advisory to several large platforms for the regulation of generative Artificial Intelligence (AI).

 Key issue with the advisory:

  • Lack clear legal basis, as the term “advisory” is undefined in relevant legislation like the IT Act.
  • Despite lacking residual powers like regulatory bodies, MEITY issues vague advisories demanding censorship on social media platforms.
  • Imply compliance without specifying penalties: leading to a compliance charade rather than seeking official rules.
  • Lacks clarity on terms like “bias prevention” and “under testing” or “unreliable” AI.
  • Lacks transparency and accountability, reflecting a decline in administrative standards.

Prelims Connect (Terminology in News):

Generative AI is a type of artificial intelligence technology that can produce various types of content, including text, imagery, audio and synthetic data.

Source: The Hindu

Bhutan’s opening move, its Gelephu gambit

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: International Relations, Topic: India and its neighborhood, Issue: Regional economic hub at Gelephu (Bhutan)

Context: Bhutan is planning to build “Gelephu Mindfulness City” (GMC) near Assam border.

Key feature of GMC:

  • Operate as a special administrative zone with investor-friendly laws.
  • Aims to be a carbon-neutral city, hosting non-polluting industries.
  • Resembles planned cities like Neom in Saudi Arabia and Nusantara in Indonesia.


  • For India-, Strategic location aligns with India’s “Act East” plans and India-Japan connectivity initiatives.
  • Complements India’s broader regional connectivity plans.
  • Address Bhutan’s challenges -need to diversify from hydropower and tourism, youth outmigration and geopolitical concerns, including pressure from China.


  • Tough terrain and geographical challenge.
  • Insurgencies in Assam, other northeastern States and in Myanmar.
  • Landlocked character and dependence on other countries
  • Represents a significant investment with uncertain immediate returns.


  • In an increasingly polarized global setting, India must strengthen ties with its South Asian neighbors.
  • Exploring new avenues for cooperation could benefit regional stability and development.
  • Gelephu project offers an opportunity for regional transformation with India’s assistance.

Source: The Hindu