La Excellence IAS Academy

Centre paves way for Tesla’s entry with new EV scheme, eases duty for some imports.

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Economy, Topic: Trade and External Sector, Issue: EV scheme

Context: India unveils a new EV policy, easing import duties for select EV imports.

Key Provisions:

  • Policy allows initial import of EV passenger cars at 15% duty for five years.
  • Manufacturers must operationalize facilities within three years and achieve minimum domestic value addition (DVA).
India’s EV policy:

Aim: To promote EV manufacturing in India and lead global transition to electric vehicles.

1.      Seeks significant investments to produce advanced EVs domestically.

2.     The policy fosters competition among manufacturers to increase production volumes and achieve economies of scale.

3.     Anticipated outcomes

➢       Reduced EV production costs,

➢       decreased crude oil imports,

➢       improved trade balance, and

➢       environmental benefits such as reduced air pollution.


Source: Indian Express

Centre scraps requirement to seek its nod before launching ‘untested’ AI

Syllabus: GS-III; Subject: Science & Technology; Topic: Policies and Missions – India and Global, Issue: Permission for untested AI.

Context: The Indian government removed the requirement for explicit permission before launching untested Artificial Intelligence(AI) systems.

New Advisory:

  1. Reframed Advisory: “In AI deployment, label under-tested models and comply with legal and ethical standards.”
  2. It emphasizes labelling under-tested AI models to inform users of potential fallibility.
  3. Concerns: Government overreach and lack of legal clarity in regulating AI under current technology laws.

Prelims Connect (Technology in News):

Generative AI:

Generative AI is a type of AI that can create entirely new content, like text, images, music, and even videos.

Its user-friendly interfaces simplify content creation.

Emergency Provisions of IT Rules 2021:

Rule 16 allows executive powers to block digital platform access in emergencies.

These provisions bypass the usual necessity and proportionality tests.

Source: Indian Express

Govt notifies new rules for overhaul of film certification

Syllabus: GS-I; Subject: Current Affairs Topic: Acts/Rules/Guidelines, Issue: New rules for film certification.

Context:  The Government has notified new rules for overhauling the film certification process, superseding the previous 1983 rules.

Cinematograph (Certification) Rules, 2024:

  • To modernize and improve the film certification process.
  • The application process moved online and mandated greater representation of women on the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
  • Age based certification: Subdividing the existing UA(Unrestricted with Parental Guidance)category into three age-based categories:
    • seven years (UA 7+),
    • thirteen years (UA 13+),
    • sixteen years (UA 16+).

Source: The Hindu

Technology combined with behavioural analysis can prevent financial fraud: Das

 Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Economy , Topic: Banking and Financial Intermediaries, Issue: Integrated Ombudsman Scheme

Context: Address by Shaktikanta Das, RBI Governor at the Annual Conference of RBI Ombudsman.

Important Insights:

  • Emphasized the need for proper data protection measures.
  • Deployment of AI in fraud prevention and for personalized customer service.
  • Under the Integrated Ombudsman Scheme, RBI Ombudsman plays a crucial role in impartially resolving customer grievances.
Reserve Bank – Integrated Ombudsman Scheme (RB-IOS), 2021:

Objective: Provide cost-free resolution for complaints involving ‘deficiency in service’ by RBI-regulated entities if not resolved satisfactorily within 30 days.


●        Centralized complaint registration through one portal, email, and address.

●        Elimination of jurisdictional divisions among ombudsman offices.

Source: The Hindu

Railways plans to develop multi-modal transport hubs

Syllabus: GS-III; Subject: Economy; Topic: Infrastructure, Issue: Mega Railway Terminal.

Context: Indian Railways plans to create mega railway terminals with multi-modal connectivity in cities with a population of over 10 lakhs.

Multi-modal connectivity refers to the integration of various modes of transportation and communication(roads, railways, airways, and waterways)

Objective: To create efficient and seamless connections between different parts of a region.

Railway Development Plan:

  1. The initiative is part of the ‘Viksit Bharat’ initiative aimed at infrastructure development.
  2. The Ministry of Railways is focusing on enhancing passenger experience in a mission mode.

Prelims Connect (Schemes/Programs in news)

Vision of ‘Viksit Bharat’:

●        To realize the dream of developed India @ 2047.”

●        Prosperous nation with modern infrastructure.

●        Opportunities for all citizens by 2047.

●        Emphasis on social justice and empowerment.

●        Focus on marginalized groups: poor, women, youth, farmers.

Source: The Hindu

Daily Editorials

Why has India developed an atmospheric testbed near Bhopal?

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Environment and Ecology, Topic: Pollution, Issue: Air Pollution and Control

Context: The first phase of India’s Atmospheric Research Testbed in Central India (ART-CI) was inaugurated at Silkheda, Madhya Pradesh.

Atmospheric Research Testbed:

  • An open-field research program.
  • Focuses on observational and analytical research of weather parameters and synoptic systems during the southwest monsoon season.
  • Aims to generate high volumes of data for comparison with existing weather models to improve rainfall predictions.
  • Developed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, oversees the operations.
  • Phase one involves remote sensing and in-situ measurements using 25 meteorological instruments.
  • Phase two will include the deployment of additional instruments such as radar wind profiler and balloon-bound radiosonde.


  • Central India, particularly the Monsoon Core Zone (MCZ), is vital for rain-fed agriculture and Kharif cultivation.
  • Understanding synoptic systems and their impact on monsoon rainfall is crucial for accurate forecasting.
  • Climate change has led to erratic rainfall patterns, making accurate forecasting more critical.
  • Silkheda’s pristine environment allows for the setup of sensitive meteorological instruments to record crucial data.
Prelims Connect (Equipment of ART-C)

●       ART is equipped with over two dozen high-end instruments and radars for continuous observations.

➢   An aethalometer for aerosol studies,

➢   A cloud condensation nuclei counter and a laser ceilometer for cloud size measurement.

➢   A micro rain radar for raindrop size calculation and distribution analysis.

➢   A Ka-band cloud radar and a C-band Doppler weather radar for tracking rain-bearing systems’ movement.

Terminology in News:

●       The monsoon core zone (CMZ) is a region in India that stretches from Gujarat in the west to West Bengal in the east.

Source: Indian Express

How AI can accelerate production and dissemination of election disinformation

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Science and technology, Topic: Emerging technology, Issue: Artificial intelligence

Concerns with use of Artificial intelligence (AI) in election:

  • AI can accelerate the production and diffusion of disinformation.
  • AI magnifies the scale of disinformation, creates hyper-realistic deep fakes, and enables micro targeting.
  • Social media companies have reduced fact-checking and election integrity teams.
  • Labeling election-related advertisements generated with AI may not effectively deter misinformation.
  • Creation of deceptive election-related images using AI.

The way ahead:

  • The Indian government sought technical solutions from digital platforms to combat misinformation.
  • Plans for a legal framework against deepfake and disinformation are set for post-elections.
  • The IT Ministry issued an advisory to companies like Google and OpenAI, urging compliance with Indian laws and safeguarding electoral integrity.
+1 Advantage for mains (Case Study & Report)

●       A study published in PNAS Nexus forecasts an increase in the use of generative AI for spreading election misinformation.

●       The potential fallout could impact election outcomes in over 50 countries.


●       The World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Perception Survey identifies misinformation and disinformation as top 10 risks.

●       Large-scale AI models with user-friendly interfaces contribute to the proliferation of false information and synthetic content.

Source: Indian Express

What the success of Gaganyaan could mean for Indian science

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Science and Technology, Topic: Space Technology, Issue: Gaganyan Mission

Benefits of Gaganyaan mission:

  • Demonstrates India’s human spaceflight capability.
  • Active participation in space exploration ensures access to rights, resources, and new technologies.
  • Aims to gain control over critical technologies for future economic growth.
  • Space programs generate spin-off technologies benefiting sectors like health and medicine.
  • Fosters a robust science and technology ecosystem.
  • Indigenization push focuses on domestic manufacture in strategic sectors like defense, space, communication, and energy.

Government steps to promote science

  • Missions focussing on green hydrogen, quantum computing, and artificial intelligence.
  • India participates in international projects like LIGO and Square Kilometer Array.
  • New scheme promoting deep-tech capabilities in the defense sector.
  • Calls for foreign companies to establish manufacturing facilities for chips and semiconductors.

The way ahead:

  • Scientists stress structural reforms to enhance India’s science output.
  • Sustained attention needed to maintain momentum in science initiatives.
  • Addressing basic issues in science education and research crucial for significant improvement.

Source: Indian Express

On CAA Rules: A promise fulfilled

Syllabus: GS II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Legal Issues, Issue: Bills/Acts/Rules

Context: The Home ministry notified rules to implement Citizenship Amendment Act-2019

Significance of Citizenship Amendment Act-2019:

  • Addresses challenges posed by refugee influx from neighboring countries.
  • Fast-tracks citizenship for persecuted minorities from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
  • Does not affect Indian Muslims and maintains the non-discriminatory nature of the Citizenship Act.
  • Only refugees who arrived in India before 2014 are eligible for the fast-tracked citizenship process.


  • Covid pandemic delayed the implementation of the act.
  • Refugee persecution proof was not mandated in the final gazette notification.
  • Applicants need to submit online applications with valid documents and endorsement from an Indian citizen.
  • NGOs and citizens’ involvement are crucial for refugees navigating the citizenship application process.

Source: Indian Express

With One Nation One Election, getting India back in sync

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Elections and RPA, Issue: Election reforms


  • The High-Level Committee on “One nation One election” suggested conducting simultaneous parliamentary and state legislative assembly elections.

Benefits of simultaneous elections:

  • Leads to significant savings on administrative expenditure.
  • Enable efficient utilization of manpower, including election officials and security personnel.
  • Public life experiences less disruption
  • Governance receives long-term focus, reducing obstruction to developmental programs.
  • Political leaders can prioritize governance, enhancing public accountability over electioneering.


  • Discontinuation of simultaneous elections since 1967 was due to arbitrary use of Article 356 to topple elected governments.
  • Successive governments lacked the political will to restore simultaneous elections.
  • Simultaneous elections are crucial for democratic, economic, and political progress.
  • Efforts towards holding simultaneous elections are hoped to yield positive results for India’s greater benefit.

Source: Indian Express

Express View on Bengaluru’s looming water crisis: The warning

Syllabus: GS- III, Subject: Ecology and Environment, Topic: Disasters, Issue: Man Made disasters

Context: Bengaluru faces severe water shortage due to Karnataka’s worst drought in four decades.

Reasons behind Bangalore water crisis:

  1. Geographical Setting:
  • Bengaluru lacks proximity to major rivers or coasts for water sourcing.
  1. Urbanization:
  • Urban expansion has led to the depletion of water repositories.
  • Concretisation has hindered groundwater recharge efforts in Bengaluru.
  • Reliance on man made lakes for potable water has declined over the past 30 years.
  1. Governance:
  • Successive governments ignored alarm bells from experts.
  • Water supply infrastructure has not kept pace with the city’s rapid urbanization.
  • Lake catchments have been degraded by dumping municipal waste.
  • Governance deficit at the municipal level- neglecting effective solutions such as rainwater harvesting and wastewater reuse.

Steps taken by authorities to address water crisis:

  • Strict measures to prevent the misuse of potable water.
  • Fixed rates for water tankers delivering to residential areas.
  • Taking control over private bore wells in and around the city.


  • Groundwater use in India surpasses aquifer recharge rates.
  • Bengaluru’s water crisis serves as a warning for major cities across India.
+1 Advantage for mains (Data Point)

●       The Niti Aayog’s Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) predicts groundwater depletion in 21 cities by 2030.

●       Failure to implement mitigation measures could lead to a 6% GDP loss for India by 2050.

●       A 2017 study by Environmental Management and Policy Research Institute revealed severe pollution in 85% of Bengaluru’s remaining water bodies.


Source: Indian Express