La Excellence IAS Academy

Higher education enrolment rose by 19 lakh in 202122: Govt. survey.

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Society and Social Justice

Topic: Education

Issue: All India Survey on Higher Education

Context: All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2021-22 released.

Relevant Data for Mains:

  • The Female enrolment has increased to 2.07 crore in 2021-22 from 1.57 crore (32%) in 2014-15
  • Increase of 45% in OBC student enrolment in 2021-22 (1.63 crore) from 2014-15 (1.13 crore).

All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE):

  • It is an annual web-based survey conducted by the Ministry of Education since 2010-11.
  • Objective: To portray the status of higher education in the country.
  • Covers all the institutions in the country engaged in imparting higher education.

Parameters: Teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance, infrastructure.

Source: The Hindu

Kerala trying to mask failures, Centre tells SC on State’s plea over borrowing limit.


Subject: Federalism

Topic: Financial relations

Issue: Financial Relations between state and centre

Context: The State of Kerala moved the apex court challenging the Ministry of Finance directives which lowered the borrowing limit of the state.


  • The petition was filed under Article 131 (Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court) which deals with disputes between states or between centre and states.

Financial control of centre over states:

  • Article 293: The centre can impose limits upon the borrowing limits of the state.
  • FRBM Act,2003: Empowers the centre to set borrowing limits for states to ensure specific fiscal deficit and debt-to-GDP ratio targets.

Grants-in-Aid to the States: Statutory Grants(Article 275) based on Finance Commission recommendations and Discretionary Grants(Article 282) by the discretion of centre.

Source: The Hindu

Khan presents shortest policy address in Kerala Assembly

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Executive

Topic: Governor

Issue: Governor’s address to the state legislature

Context: Kerala Governor Arif Mohammed Khan’s address to start the tenth session of the 15th Kerala Assembly.

Governor’s address:

  • As per Article 176, the Governor is mandated to address the state legislature at the commencement of
    1. the first session after each general election.
    2. the first session of each year.
  • The address generally contains
    1. Government’s achievements and performance over the preceding years.
    2. Main issues and challenges facing the state.
    3. Vision for the future and specific policies and initiatives.
  • However, the content of the address is not under governor’s discretion.
  • As per Article 163 and Supreme court’s judgement in Shamsher Singh case,the Governor is bound by the aid and advice of the council of ministers.
  • Hence, the speech is prepared by the concerned government.
Similar incidents (Mains Examples):

  1.  The 2022 budget session of the Telangana state assembly started without the customary address by governor.
  2. Recently, Tamil Nadu governor RN Ravi skipped portions of the customary address prepared by the state government.


Source: The Hindu

ISRO confirms magnetometer on Aditya L1 deployed.

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject: Space Technology

Topic: Recent space missions

Issue: Aditya-L1 Mission

Context: The six-magnetometer boom, previously stowed, is successfully deployed in the Halo orbit.


  • The boom carries two state-of-the-art high-accuracy magnetometer sensors.
  • The experiment is designed to study the low-intensity interplanetary magnetic field in space.

Aditya-L1 Mission:

  • It is a space-based observatory designed to study the Sun.
  • It has been placed in an orbit around the L1 or Lagrange Point 1 that allows an unobstructed view of the Sun round the clock, throughout the year.

A Lagrange point is a special location in space where the gravitational forces of two massive objects balance each other out, allowing a small object to stay in a fixed position relative to them.

Source: Indian Express