La Excellence IAS Academy

Sensing China threat, India joins race to mine sea patch.

Syllabus: GS-I; Subject: Geography; Topic: Resources – World and India. Issue: India to mine sea patch.

Context: India seeks exploration rights from International Seabed Authority.

Key Highlights:

  • Targets Afanasy Nikitin Seamount (AN Seamount) rich in minerals.
  • Also applied for Carlsberg Ridge exploration.


  • Reported Chinese activity in the region.
  • Sri Lanka claims rights to AN Seamount under separate laws.
  • Exploration rights specific to open ocean areas.
  • Continental Shelf Commission may impact India’s plans.

Prelims Connect  (Institutions in News):

International Seabed Authority (ISA):

·         Headquarters: Kingston, Jamaica.

·         Established in 1994 to regulate mining in the international seabed beyond national jurisdiction.

·         Created upon the entry into force of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

·         Organizes and controls mineral resources activities in the Area for the benefit of humankind.

·         Ensures effective protection of the marine environment from harmful effects of deep-seabed activities.

·         Functions: Grants licenses and regulates exploration and exploitation of mineral resources in the international seabed.

Source: The Hindu

India’s employment conditions continue to be poor: Report

Syllabus: GS-III; Subject: Economy, Topic: Indices and Reports, Issue: Employment Conditions, ‘India Employment Report 2024’

Context:  the findings of the ‘India Employment Report 2024’.Top of Form

India Employment Report 2024: it released by the Institute for Human Development (IHD) and International Labour Organisation (ILO).


  • Slow non-farm transition.
  • Youth unemployment.
  • Emphasizes the industry’s role in hiring.
  • Challenges in skill initiatives persist.
  • Unemployment among educated youth, especially women, is a concern.


  • Focus on boosting non-farm employment.
  • More support for small enterprises and urban policies.
  • Skills development and active labor market policies require enhancement.
  • Key policy areas include job creation, employment quality, and bridging inequalities.

Prelims Connect (Institutions in News):

The International Labour Organization: it is a United Nations agency.

  • The main aims of the ILO are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues.
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Founded: 1919.
  • The Institute for Human Development (IHD) is a non-profit autonomous institution.

Source: Indian Express

80% of CPCB green funds unused: NGT told

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management, Topic: Indian Initiatives, Issue: Green Funds.

Context: Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) spending of green funds.

  • It has only used 20% of Environment Protection Charge (EPC), and Environmental Compensation (EC).
Environmental Protection Charge (EPC):

·         It is a fee imposed by the Supreme Court of India on new diesel vehicles with an engine capacity of 2000 cc and above that are registered in Delhi-NCR.

·         This fee is collected to combat pollution and is directed to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).

Environmental Charge(EC):

·         It is a fee imposed to cover costs associated with environmental schemes related to the sale of electricity.

·         It’s typically a fixed percentage of all invoice charges, excluding certain other charges and taxes

Prelims Connect (Institutions in News)

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB):

  • It is a statutory organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
  • It was established in 1974 under the Water Act, 1974.
  • The CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air Act, 1981.
  • It monitors air and water quality.

Source: Indian Express

Bar on political activities as bail conditions is rights violation, says SC.

Syllabus: GS-II; Subject: Polity; Topic: Rights Issues, Issue: Bail Conditions.

Context: Supreme Court quashes bail condition restricting political activities.


  • The Supreme Court nullified the ban on political activities as a bail condition.
  • The court said such condition is a breach of fundamental rights.

+ Prelims Connect:

Bail Conditions In India:

ü  Bail is the release of an accused person from custody with the promise to appear in court for trial.

ü  Governed by the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), bail can be statutory, regular, or anticipatory.

ü  Bail conditions may include surrendering passports or attending court hearings.

ü  Eligibility for bail depends on factors like the nature of the crime, past criminal record, and evidence strength.


Source: Indian Express

Daily Editorials

Footing the climate action bill

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management, Topic: Global agreements and efforts, Issue: UNFCCC

Context: COP29, in Baku, Azerbaijan, is going to set NCQG New Collective Quantitative Goal (on finance).

New Collective Quantitative Goal(NCQG)

  • It aims to mobilize more finance for climate action in developing countries.
  • Current climate finance falls short of the promised $100 billion annually.
  • Trillions are needed yearly for climate action, with more required by 2050.
  • UN Climate Change faces financial issues despite advocating for more finance.
  • The new amount must be transparently monitored and used for various climate needs.

Source: Indian Express

ICCC: Integrated farm data dashboard for customised solutions

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Economy, Topic: Agriculture and allied, Issue: Agriculture extension services

Context: Recently Agriculture Minister inaugurated the Krishi Integrated Command and Control Centre (ICCC) in New Delhi.

Krishi ICCC

  • Tech-based solution within the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare.
  • Utilizes AI, remote sensing, and GIS for agricultural data processing.
  • Aims for comprehensive farm sector monitoring via geospatial integration.
  • Generates farmer-specific advisories by correlating various data sources.
  • Applications include custom advisories, drought actions, and crop analysis.
  • K-DSS (Krishi Decision Support System) acts as a data repository for evidence-based decision-making.

How Delhi Talks to world

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: International Relations, Topic: India’s Foreign Policy, Issue: Including foreign policy in electoral manifesto.

Context: Foreign policy discussions need to be included in electoral manifesto.

Importance of including foreign policy in electoral dialogue

  • Attention to foreign policy in election manifestos could bridge the gap between India’s global rise and domestic discourse.
  • The Indian political class must articulate concrete foreign policy goals instead of prioritizing abstract claims of autonomy.
  • The government aims to make India a developed nation by 2047, requires debate on economic strategy and global challenges.
  • India’s low per capita income underscores the developmental challenges despite its growing economy.
  • The Opposition plays a crucial role in debating policy issues and shaping foreign policy discourse.

Source: Indian Express

The need to curb black carbon emissions

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management, Topic: Pollution, Issue: Black carbon

Context: Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) addressing the concern of black carbon

Black carbon:

  • Emitted during incomplete combustion of biomass and fossil fuels.
  • Exposure leads to heart disease, birth complications, and premature death.
  • PMUY has reduced black carbon emissions by promoting the use of cleaner fuels.


  • 25% PMUY of beneficiaries still cook solely with traditional biomass.
  • Availability issues and last-mile connectivity gaps hinder PMUY’s success.
  • Reliance on traditional fuel disproportionately affect women and children.

Recent steps to address this concern:

  • Prime Minister announced a further ₹100 price reduction in March 2024,
  • The government plans to continuously increase the spending since the scheme’s inception.

The way ahead:

  • Panchayats can take the initiative to produce coal-bed methane gas from biomass.
  • Prioritizing black carbon reduction is crucial for India’s global leadership in SDG.
+1 Advantage For Mains (Data Point)

·        In 2022-2023, 25% of PMUY beneficiaries, approximately 2.69 crore people, used either zero or just one LPG refill.

·        An August 2023 report by The Hindu found that the average PMUY beneficiary household consumes only 3.5-4 LPG cylinders annually, compared to 6-7 cylinders used by regular non-PMUY households.

·        According to a 2016 study, the residential sector contributes 47% of India’s total black carbon emissions, with industries contributing 22%, diesel vehicles 17%, open burning 12%, and other sources 2%.

Source: The Hindu

The democratic political process is broken

Syllabus: GS II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Elections and RPA, Issue: Election Process

Political process

  • Democratic politics aims to foster constructive collaboration and consensus building.
  • Public discourse is essential for the exchange of ideas and opinions necessary to reach consensus.

Impediments affecting public discourse:

  • Institutional news media’s loss of credibility.
  • Content creation on social media prioritizes virality over substance.
  • Media proliferation fragments collective attention.
  • Civil society increasingly relies on the state for legitimacy, shifting away from its role as an independent voice.
  • Political parties prioritize internal affairs over policy discussion, limiting constructive dialogue.
  • Uncertain electoral benefits deter representatives from influencing policy agendas, favoring direct interventions for constituent services.


  • These interconnected issues resist easy solutions, but efforts must be made to address them in the world’s largest democracy.

Source: The Hindu

A cry for help, a call for reflection and action

Syllabus: GS- I, Subject: Society and Social Justice, Topic: Social sector – Health, Issue: Mental health

Context: Increasing incidents of depression and suicide among young students,

 Factors responsible:

  • Job scarcity and high fees fuel fierce competition in education.
  • Parental expectations often disregard a child’s interests.
  • Financial constraints limit access to educational resources.
  • Changing family dynamics weaken family bonds, affecting social connections.
  • Educational institutions often lack emotional support for students.
  • Socioeconomically disadvantaged communities face discrimination, worsening their challenges.
+1 Advantage For Mains (Data Points)

·        Government administers only ~21% of colleges, while ~78% are under private entities (AISHE report, 2019-20).

·        Asia accounted for nearly 61% of global suicide fatalities in 2008 (The Lancet).

·        In 2022, over 13,000 Indian students committed suicide, comprising 7.6% of total suicide fatalities (NCRB report).

·        More than half of India’s population, 53.7%, consists of individuals under 25 years old.

Source: The Hindu