India to establish international alliance to protect big cats.

La Excellence IAS Academy

India to establish international alliance to protect big cats.

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La Excellence IAS Academy | March 2, 2024 | Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management, Topic: International Big Cat Alliance, Issue: IBCA

Context: The Union Cabinet approved the establishment of International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) with headquarters in India.

International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA):

  • Conceived as a multi-country, multi-agency coalition of 96 big cat range countries, non-range countries interested in big cat conservation.
  • Aim: To secure the future of big cats and landscapes they thrive.
  • Announced on the occasion of commemorating 50 years of India’s Project Tiger.

Project Tiger:

  • Project Tiger is an initiative to safeguard tigers, initiated in 1973 in Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand.
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC)


  • Maintain a viable tiger population
  • Protect core tiger habitats by establishing tiger reserves
  • Address human-wildlife conflict
  • Core-Buffer Strategy:
    • Core Area: This is the heart of the reserve, strictly off-limits to human activity. It enjoys the legal status of a national park or wildlife sanctuary.
    • Buffer Area: A designated zone surrounding the core, where limited human activity is permitted.

Implementing agency: National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA),a statutory body under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, of 1972.

Source: The Hindu

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