No passport, no visa: Rules eased for seeking citizenship under CAA.

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No passport, no visa: Rules eased for seeking citizenship under CAA.

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La Excellence IAS Academy | March 12, 2024 | Indian Polity

Syllabus: GS-II Subject: Polity Topic: Acts/Bills/Rules, Issue: Citizenship Rules 2024

Context: Union Home Ministry notified the Citizenship (Amendment) Rules, 2024, enabling the implementation of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) 2019.

Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019:

  • The act amended the Citizenship Act, 1955.
  • Objective: To provide Indian citizenship for persecuted religious minorities from three specific neighbouring countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.
  • Allows migrants from these three countries to apply for Indian citizenship through the naturalisation
  • Cut-off date of entering India: before December 31, 2014.
Naturalization refers to the legal process by which a foreign citizen becomes a citizen of a new country by meeting specific requirements imposed by the country.

Citizenship (Amendment) Rules, 2024:

  • Applicants can seek Indian citizenship without producing a valid passport of these countries or a valid visa from India.
  • Provide six types of documents and specify the “date of entry” into India.
  • Produce an “eligibility certificate” issued by a “locally reputed community institution” confirming that he/she belongs to “Hindu/ Sikh/ Buddhist/ Jain/ Parsi/Christian community.
  • An empowered committee, headed by the Director (Census Operations) will scrutinise all applications.


  • Violates Article 14 (equality): For discriminating based on religion as it excludes Muslims.
  • Difficult to differentiate between illegal migrants and those persecuted.
  • Other refugees, that include Tamils from Sri Lanka not covered under the Act.

Source: The Hindu

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