One missile, many weapons: What makes the latest Agni-V special.

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One missile, many weapons: What makes the latest Agni-V special.

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La Excellence IAS Academy | March 12, 2024 | Science and Technology

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: Science and Technology, Topic: Defence, Issue: Agni V Ballistic missile

Context: India announced that it had successfully tested a new Agni-V missile called Mission Divyastra.

Agni V missile: Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

  • Range: Over 5000 kilometres
  • Mobility: Land-based and road-mobile allowing for launch from various locations on land.
  • Fuel: Solid-fuelled
  • Warhead: Designed to carry nuclear weapons.
  • MIRV Technology: Can carry multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs).

MIRV Technology:

  • Capability that allows multiple warheads to be loaded on a single missile delivery system and programmed to hit different targets.
  • Complicated technology: The warheads have to be
    • Miniaturised,
    • equipped with independent guidance and navigation controls
    • released sequentially from the delivery system.

●       Advantages

  • Inflicting multiple damages with a single strike.
  • Ability to penetrate missile defence systems.

Capability to cause crippling damage in a response strike, especially for countries with no-first use policy like India.

Source: The Hindu

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