SC stays LS privileges panel from acting on Bengal BJP MP’s ‘plaint’

La Excellence IAS Academy

SC stays LS privileges panel from acting on Bengal BJP MP’s ‘plaint’

Current Affairs Daily Articles & Editorials

La Excellence IAS Academy | February 20, 2024 | Indian Polity

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Polity

Topic: Legislature

Issue: Parliamentary Privileges

Context: The Supreme Court stayed further proceedings before a Lok Sabha Privileges Committee, which has summoned the West Bengal Chief Secretary and other officers.

Parliamentary Privileges:

  • These are special rights, immunities and exemptions enjoyed by the two Houses of Parliament, their committees and their members.
  • They are necessary to secure the independence, authority, dignity and honour of the house and the members.
  • Parliamentary privileges can be classified into two broad categories:
    • Collective privileges: House’s right to make rules to regulate its own procedure, punish members as well as outsiders for breach of its privileges or its contempt etc.
    • Individual privileges: Freedom of speech in Parliament,Protection from arrest during the session of the parliament etc.
  • Sources of Privileges:
    • Constitutional Provisions-Article 105,
    • Various laws made by Parliament,
    • Rules of both the Houses,
    • Parliamentary conventions, and
    • Judicial interpretations.

Committee of Privileges:

  • It is a parliamentary committee that investigates matters of breach of privilege of the House or its members.
    • A breach of privilege is any act or omission that obstructs or interferes with the functioning of the House or its members, or that undermines their dignity or privileges.
  • It protects the rights and dignity of the House and its members.
  • The functions of the committee are semi-judicial in nature by inquiring and recommending appropriate action.
  • In Lok sabha – 15 members, nominated by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
  • In Rajya sabha – 10 members, nominated by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

Source: The Hindu

Leave a Reply