Study flags mixed implementation of Forest Rights Act.

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Study flags mixed implementation of Forest Rights Act.

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La Excellence IAS Academy | March 15, 2024 | Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management

Syllabus: GS-III; Subject: Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management ; Topic: Forest Conservation, Issue: Forest Right Act,2006.

Context: A fact-finding committee found mixed implementation of the Forest Rights Act (FRA) in five states.


  • Overall, inadequate focus on community rights.
  • FRA neglects shifting cultivation (Jhum) in hill areas.
  • Confusion over categorizing tribe’s hampers implementation.
  • Some traditional forest dwellers left out of FRA recognition process.
  • Unclear distinction between individual and community rights.

Prelims Connect (Acts/Bills/Guidelines)

The Forest Rights Act (FRA) of 2006

Aim:  To rectify historical injustices faced by forest-dwelling communities and ensure their land tenure, livelihood, and food security.

Functions: Empowering forest dwellers, conserving forests, and maintaining ecological balance

Under the FRA:

·         Land Rights: Forest dwellers gain ownership rights to cultivated land, up to 4 hectares per family.

o    This land cannot be sold or transferred, only inherited.

·         Use Rights: Dwellers have rights to minor forest produce (excluding timber), grazing areas, and pastoralist routes.

·         Right to Protect and Conserve: Forest communities can manage and protect their forests, crucial in safeguarding against threats from industries and land grabbers.

Source: The Hindu

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