Express View on Bengaluru’s looming water crisis: The warning

La Excellence IAS Academy

Express View on Bengaluru’s looming water crisis: The warning

Current Affairs Daily Editorials

La Excellence IAS Academy | March 16, 2024 | Environment and Ecology

Syllabus: GS- III, Subject: Ecology and Environment, Topic: Disasters, Issue: Man Made disasters

Context: Bengaluru faces severe water shortage due to Karnataka’s worst drought in four decades.

Reasons behind Bangalore water crisis:

  1. Geographical Setting:
  • Bengaluru lacks proximity to major rivers or coasts for water sourcing.
  1. Urbanization:
  • Urban expansion has led to the depletion of water repositories.
  • Concretisation has hindered groundwater recharge efforts in Bengaluru.
  • Reliance on man made lakes for potable water has declined over the past 30 years.
  1. Governance:
  • Successive governments ignored alarm bells from experts.
  • Water supply infrastructure has not kept pace with the city’s rapid urbanization.
  • Lake catchments have been degraded by dumping municipal waste.
  • Governance deficit at the municipal level- neglecting effective solutions such as rainwater harvesting and wastewater reuse.

Steps taken by authorities to address water crisis:

  • Strict measures to prevent the misuse of potable water.
  • Fixed rates for water tankers delivering to residential areas.
  • Taking control over private bore wells in and around the city.


  • Groundwater use in India surpasses aquifer recharge rates.
  • Bengaluru’s water crisis serves as a warning for major cities across India.
+1 Advantage for mains (Data Point)

●       The Niti Aayog’s Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) predicts groundwater depletion in 21 cities by 2030.

●       Failure to implement mitigation measures could lead to a 6% GDP loss for India by 2050.

●       A 2017 study by Environmental Management and Policy Research Institute revealed severe pollution in 85% of Bengaluru’s remaining water bodies.


Source: Indian Express

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