Food Corporation to spend ₹15 crore in five States to buy food grain bags with PM photo.

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Economy, Topic: Agriculture and allied, Issue: PMGKAY

Context: Distribution of food grains under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY).

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY):

  • Launched in 2020
  • Offers 5 kg of free food grains each month in addition to the subsidised ration given under National Food Security Act 2013.
  • Coverage: About 81.35 crore beneficiaries of Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) and Priority Households (PHH).
  • Implemented by : Department of Food and Public Distribution under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
  • Modification: Additional 5 kg foodgrains stopped. Foodgrains under NFSA 2013 are provided for free.
  • Extended for 5 yearse. till 2028.

National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA):

  • Objective: To provide subsidised food grains to approximately two-thirds of the Indian population
  • Coverage:
    • Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households: The poorest families, entitled to 35 kg of foodgrains per month.
    • Priority households (PHH): Entitled to 5 kg of foodgrains per person per month.
  • Legal right: A shift from a welfare-based approach to rights based approach.
  • Additional support through existing schemes like Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDM).
  • Provisions for grievance redressal and transparency in the implementation process.

Priority Households (PHH) are families that meet the eligibility criteria set by their state government and are not covered under Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY).

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