Food for reform

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Economy, Topic: Agriculture and allied, Issue: Reforms in Agri-food space

Reforms needed in Agri-food space:

  • Focus on food systems transformation for sustainable agriculture.
  • Invest in Agri-R&D, innovations, and extension for increased productivity.
  • Address climate change impacts with climate-resilient agriculture and water management.
  • Prepare for urbanization with improved logistics and value chains for food distribution.
  • Promote Farmer Producer Organizations to empower smallholders and create scale.
  • Shift from food security to nutritional security through fortification of staples.
  • Encourage PPP for efficient value chains and climate-resilient seeds.
  • Repurpose subsidies towards direct income transfers for farmers’ welfare and agricultural development.
+1 advantage for mains( Datapoint): Last year’s El Nino effect led to agri-GDP growth dropping from 4.7 per cent in 2022-23 to just 0.7 per cent in 2023-24 (as per the second advance estimate).
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