For love of a child

Syllabus: GS-I, Subject: Society and Social Justice, Topic: Social Sector-Health, Issue: Surrogacy in India

Context: Indians are traveling overseas for commercial surrogacy.

Surrogacy in India:

  • Commercial surrogacy became legal in India in 2002.
  • Legalization lead to a boom due to affordability and economic benefits for women from lower socio-economic backgrounds.
  • In response to exploitation, the government made commercial surrogacy illegal for foreigners in 2015 and introduced altruistic surrogacy in 2016.
  • Current regulations permit only altruistic gestational surrogacy with eligibility criteria including medical conditions and marital status.
  • Restrictions on surrogacy eligibility perpetuate inequality and uphold a patriarchal notion of family, excluding single individuals, LGBTQIA+ couples, and live-in partners


  • Surrogacy laws in India must evolve to accommodate diverse family structures and aspirations.
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