India’s 4P model

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: Governance, Topic: Good governance and application, Issue: 4P model of development

4Ps of India’s Development

  • The Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Conference (MGISC) in 2018 introduced India’s 4Ps for achieving developmental results.
  • India’s 4Ps are political leadership, public financing, partnerships, and people’s participation, formulated during the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM).
  • Prime Minister Modi’s leadership was crucial in announcing and monitoring the SBM, addressing open defecation as a national challenge.
  • Public financing of sanitation, recognized as a public good, saw significant investment of around $20 billion by the Indian government.
  • Partnerships with international bodies, NGOs, and local communities were integral to the SBM’s success.
  • People’s participation, where rural communities took ownership of sanitation initiatives, ensured sustainability and success.
  • India’s 4Ps have been applied to other national programs like LIFE and the Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • These principles are relevant globally for addressing challenges such as climate change, pandemics, and water and energy access.
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