Quad summit more likely after the U.S. elections in November: American envoy Garcetti

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: International Relations

Topic: Regional and Global Groupings

Issue: QUAD

Context: American envoy Garcetti’s speech at the Jaipur Literature Festival.

QUAD (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue):

●          Quad 1.0: it was proposed by the then Japan Prime Minister Abe in 2007 as a formal multilateral dialogue among India, Japan, the United States and Australia.

●          However, Australia backed out of the proposal in 2008.

●          Quad 2.0: Revived in 2017, as a strategic security dialogue.

●          Goals:

●          Promote a free, open, and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.

●          Address shared security challenges, including maritime security, terrorism, and climate change.

●          Cooperate on economic initiatives and disaster relief.


Statement (Mains): “The Quad is a “force for good” for the Indo-Pacific region.” – P.M. Narendra Modi

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