The advent of a holistic approach to ‘one health’

Syllabus: GS- III, Subject: Science & Technology, Topic: Medical science and Health, Issue: National One Health Mission

Context: Prime Minister’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) endorsed the setting up of the ‘National One Health Mission’.

  • One Health is an approach that recognizes the interconnectedness between the health of people, animals, and the environment.


  • The PM-STIAC is an Indian government body that advises the Prime Minister on science, technology, and innovation policy.
  • It was established in August 2018, replacing the Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) to the Prime Minister and Cabinet.
  • The PM-STIAC is chaired by the Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to the Government of India.
  • The council also includes eminent scientists, technologists, and innovators from India and abroad.

Key features of National One health Mission:

  • Aims for integrated disease surveillance and joint outbreak response strategies.
  • National network of high-risk pathogen laboratories established.
  • Efforts include applying Artificial Intelligence, machine learning, and disease modeling for better epidemiology and data analytics.
  • Genomic surveillance from wastewater and other sources will be expanded for routine surveillance across human, livestock, and environmental sectors.

The way ahead:

  • India emphasized the One Health approach during its G-20 presidency.
  • Cooperation between, (government, NGOs, academia, private sector) is essential.
  • Actionable framework for “One Earth, One Health” and “Health for All” goals.
  • Strong R&D, especially vaccine development, is vital for pandemic preparedness.
Prelims Connect (National one health Mission)

·                 The National One Health Mission was endorsed by the PM-STIAC in July 2022.

·                 The mission aimed for holistic approaches to one health and pandemic preparedness.

·                 A National Institute for One Health was proposed, with Nagpur as its base.

·                 The institute would coordinate national and international activities in the one health domain.

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