The democratic political process is broken

Syllabus: GS II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Elections and RPA, Issue: Election Process

Political process

  • Democratic politics aims to foster constructive collaboration and consensus building.
  • Public discourse is essential for the exchange of ideas and opinions necessary to reach consensus.

Impediments affecting public discourse:

  • Institutional news media’s loss of credibility.
  • Content creation on social media prioritizes virality over substance.
  • Media proliferation fragments collective attention.
  • Civil society increasingly relies on the state for legitimacy, shifting away from its role as an independent voice.
  • Political parties prioritize internal affairs over policy discussion, limiting constructive dialogue.
  • Uncertain electoral benefits deter representatives from influencing policy agendas, favoring direct interventions for constituent services.


  • These interconnected issues resist easy solutions, but efforts must be made to address them in the world’s largest democracy.
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