Urbanization, no liberating force for Dalit

Syllabus: GS- I, Subject: Society and Social justice, Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Issue: Caste system in urban area

Caste based discrimination in urban area:

  • Caste often overrides skill, hindering equal opportunities in the economy.
  • Dalit and Muslim neighborhoods face inadequate public services.
  • Dalit and Muslims disproportionately live in polluted areas like landfills.
  • Forced evictions disproportionately affect Dalit and Muslim communities.
+1 advantage for mains(Report)

●       A recent report by the Housing and Land Rights Network on forced evictions in India also shows that Dalits and Muslims are the most impacted by slum demolition drives.

Ambedkar and Phule on urbanization and caste

●       Ambedkar rejected village life, seeing it as a stronghold of caste domination.

●       He viewed urbanization as a path to Dalit liberation, weakening caste oppression.

●       Cities offered anonymity, enabling transition from caste-based to class-based identities.

●       Jyotirao Phule also favored city life for its liberal opportunities and economic freedom.

Gandhi on Indian villages

●       He saw the Indian village as a self-reliant, equitable and a just non-violent order,

●       Argued for the decentralization of power to the villages through Gram Swaraj.

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