The European Union’s Artificial Intelligence Act of 2024 establishes a precedent for global AI regulation. Discuss how the AI Act addresses contemporary concerns surrounding AI.


The European Parliament has enacted the first comprehensive regulatory regime for artificial intelligence by introducing the Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act, 2024). This pioneering law represents the inaugural set of comprehensive regulations designed to govern AI.


  • Introduce your answer by highlighting the necessity of a regulatory framework for AI, leading to the EU’s Artificial Intelligence Act of 2024.
  • In the main body, focus on key aspects like preventing manipulation, categorizing AI risks, global applicability, protecting rights, regulating high-risk AI, ensuring transparency, penalties, etc.
  • Conclude by emphasizing that the AI Act sets a global precedent for regulating AI, aiming for a future where AI benefits humanity.


The rapid advancement and integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) into various sectors of society necessitate a regulatory framework to safeguard ethical standards and fundamental human rights. Efforts to regulate AI have been made at various levels, but the European Union (EU) has taken a significant step forward with the introduction of the Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act, 2024).

Addressing Contemporary Concerns Surrounding AI:

  • Preventing Manipulation and Deception: The potential of AI to manipulate human consciousness through deceptive techniques.
    • Article 5 of AI Act explicitly prohibits AI systems that manipulate human behavior beyond their consciousness, addressing the risks of fake news and social media influence.
  • Categorization of AI by Potential Harm: A one-size-fits-all regulatory approach would stifle innovation in low-risk areas while inadequately addressing the threats posed by high-risk applications.
    • The Act introduces a risk-based classification system for AI applications, ranging from high-risk to minimal risk. This differentiation allows for a more tailored approach.
  • Global Applicability: The borderless nature of digital technologies means that AI systems developed outside the EU can still affect its citizens. Without a framework that extends beyond its borders, the EU’s regulatory efforts could be easily circumvented.
    • Article 2 extends the Act’s applicability to AI providers outside the EU, ensuring a global impact on AI regulation.
  • Protection of Fundamental Rights: The pervasive use of AI raises concerns about privacy violations, discrimination, and other breaches of fundamental human rights.
    • The legislation aims to ensure that AI systems respect the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, prioritizing human dignity and freedoms.
  • Prohibition of High-Risk AI Practices: Certain AI applications, such as those exploiting vulnerabilities of specific groups or enabling mass surveillance, pose clear and immediate dangers to individuals and democratic societies.
    • The Act’s outright prohibition of specific high-risk AI practices delineates a red line for AI developers and providers, safeguarding society from the gravest risks.
  • Regulation of High-Risk AI Systems: Even when not outright harmful, AI systems classified as high-risk can still have profound implications on individual rights and safety.
    • Sets stringent requirements for high-risk AI systems, including transparency and human oversight.
  • Limited Risk AI Systems: Intermediate-risk AI applications, such as chatbots or emotion recognition systems, while not as potentially harmful as high-risk categories, still pose concerns regarding transparency and user deception.
    • By imposing transparency obligations on these systems, the AI Act ensures users are aware when they are interacting with AI, enabling informed decision-making and fostering trust in AI technologies.
  • European Artificial Intelligence Board: Effective regulation of AI requires not only robust laws but also strong enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance.
    • The establishment of the European Artificial Intelligence Board facilitates a coordinated approach to AI oversight, enhancing the uniform application and enforcement of the AI Act across member states.
  • Penalties for Non-Compliance: Without significant consequences for violations, regulations risk being disregarded by those they seek to govern.
    • The Act’s introduces stringent penalty framework, with fines up to up to 35 million euros or 7% of global turnover.
  • Phased Implementation: The rapid evolution of AI technologies means that regulatory frameworks must be both forward-looking and adaptable to change.
  • The phased implementation schedule of the AI Act acknowledges the dynamic nature of AI development, allowing time for industry adaptation and regulatory fine-tuning.

The European Union’s Artificial Intelligence Act of 2024 aims to provide a harmonized legal framework for the development, deployment, and use of AI systems within the EU, setting a precedent for global AI regulation. The Act serves as a beacon for the responsible stewardship of AI technologies, guiding towards a future where AI serves humanity with minimal risk and maximum benefit.

‘+1’ Value Addition:

  • The AI Act serves as a safety regulation to mitigate human risks from AI, particularly from multifunctional models like ChatGPT, where risk assessment is complex. The Act addresses this by mandating a general commitment to prevent harm to human fundamental rights.
  • The Act states that existing GDPR regulations on the protection of personal data, privacy and confidentiality applies to the collection and use of any such information for AI-based technologies.
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