81% of citizen responses have affirmed simultaneous polls: Law Ministry

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Indian Polity and Constitution

Topic: Elections – Related Constitutional Provisions

Context: Law Ministry statement on simultaneous polls.

Synopsis:

The Ram Nath Kovind-led high level committee (HLC) was appointed to consider “One Nation One Election” and make recommendations to the government.

Reports:

  1.  In 2018, the Law Commission presented a comprehensive report in support of the concept of simultaneous elections.
  2. Parliamentary standing committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice 79th report.
  3. Draft report of the 21st Law Commission expressed conviction on the feasibility of conducting simultaneous elections.

Simultaneous polls:

Benefits Challenges
Significant cost savings for the public exchequer. Necessitates constitutional amendments for at least five Articles namely Articles 83, 85, 172, 174, and 356.
Reduced strain on administrative structures and security forces, Is considered contradictory

to the principles of the Constitution and federalism.(S.Y Quraishi)

Policy paralysis during Model Code of Conduct addressed Implementation challenges:

  1. What happens in case of hung assembly?
  2. What if a government falls before completion of its term?
Consistently focused on developmental efforts Disproportionately benefits national parties which have high financial resources.
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