Atmanirbhar in defense

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Internal Security, Topic: Emerging Security challenges, Issue: Defense indigenization

Transformation in India’s defence ecosystem:

  • Defence ecosystem in India has seen significant transformations with a focus on indigenization, domestic procurement, and defence
  • India aims to achieve a defence production target of Rs 1,35,000 crore in 2023-24 and Rs 1,75,000 crore by 2025.

Steps for defense indigenization:

  • Policies like Atmanirbhar Bharat and Make In India aim to reduce risks associated with disruptions in critical supply chains.
  • Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020 mandates 50% indigenous content in procurement contracts and introduces the Buy (Global-Manufacture in India) category.
  • Initiatives like Srijan Indigenisation Portal and defence industrial corridors in Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh have attracted significant investments.
  • Progress in building naval platforms like INS Vikrant aircraft carrier and Project 17A frigates, demonstrates advancements in indigenous defence capabilities.
  • Initiatives like Innovations for Defence Excellence and funding schemes support innovation and participation of MSMEs, startups, and academia in defence R&D.

The way ahead:

  • Provide equal career opportunities for women in the armed forces.
  • The transformation in the defence sector aligns with the goal of making India a resilient and self-reliant nation by 2047, fostering global partnerships in defence.
+1 advantage for mains ( Data points)

●        Capital acquisition budget for domestic procurement increased from 40% in 2020-21 to 75% in 2023-24.

●        India ranked among the top 25 arms exporters by SIPRI for the first time in 2019, securing the 23rd position.

●        India set a defence exports target of Rs 35,000 crore by 2025.

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