Centre amends surrogacy rules, allows couples to use donor gametes

Syllabus: GS-I

Subject:  Current Affairs

Topic: Acts, Bills, Rules & Guidelines

Issue: Surrogacy

Context: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare notified amendments to the Surrogacy (Regulation) Rules, 2022.

  • A gamete is a reproductive cell of an animal or plant.


Before Amendment Now
Prohibition of donor gametes: Couples undergoing surrogacy must have both gametes from the intending couple only. Allowed: Couples (husband or wife) suffering from medical conditions, allowed to use one donor gamete.
  • Single women (widow or divorcee) undergoing surrogacy must use self-eggs and donor sperm to avail surrogacy procedures.

Prelims Connect (Terms in News)


  • It is the practice wherein a woman agrees to carry a foetus and give birth to a baby for someone else.
  • The surrogate won’t have any parental rights on the child.

Surrogacy Regulation Act 2021

  • Prohibits commercial surrogacy: Only altruistic surrogacy is permitted.
  • Eligibility: Only married Indian couples with proven medical infertility.
    • and single Indian women who are medically incapable of conceiving.
  • Establishes a National Surrogacy Board and State Surrogacy Boards to regulate clinics and oversee surrogacy procedures.
  • Maintains the confidentiality of the identities of the surrogate mother and the intending parents.
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