How LPG subsidy can be redesigned to privilege low-income households

Syllabus: Current affairs

Subject: Schemes

Topic: Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY)

Issue: LPG for India’s clean energy transition

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY):

  • To provide LPG access to an additional 10 million low-income households.
  • one-time subsidies for a cooking stove and gas refill.
  • Led to decrease in rural household use of biomass for cooking.
  • evolution of LPG subsidy : from universal to no subsidy to Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) under PAHAL scheme.

Reasons for the low refill of LPG cylinders:

  • Paying full price upfront (DBT credited into account later).
  • Ill information to households about the timing and logistics of receiving subsidy transfers.
  • Credit constrain: PMUY consumers mostly earn their living on a daily or weekly basis.

Suggestions :

  • A substantive targeted and upfront subsidy
  • Shift to an on-time subsidy transfer without leakage by:
  • Electronic payment of subsidy amount to the dealer/deliveryman at the point of refill purchase by PMUY consumer.
  • Use digital rupee (e-RUPI)
+1 Advantage for Mains ( Case study)

PM Gareeb Kalyan Yojana offered three free cylinders to PMUY beneficiary

o    this led to not only increase in consumption.

o    and habit formation for some time.

Prelims connect:

PAHAL (Pratyaksh Hanstantrit Labh) or Direct benefit Transfer for LPG (DBTL):

o    Aimed at rationalizing subsidies.

o    To arrest subsidy leakages.

o    Applicable subsidy is directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.

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