Implementing universal health coverage

Syllabus: GS-I, Subject: Society and social justice, Topic: Social Sector-Health, Issue: Universal Health coverage

Universal health coverage (UHC):

  • Ensures access to high-quality healthcare without financial hardship.
  • UHC encompasses all essential health services, from prevention to palliative care.

Significance of UHC:

  • Directive Principles lay the foundation of UHC
  • Crucial for weaker and vulnerable section.
  • Enables individuals to achieve wellness.
  • Essential for breaking the cycle of poverty and poor health.
  • Focuses on primary healthcare and reducing out-of-pocket expenditure.

The way ahead:

  • Incorporate mobility and portability of healthcare access.
  • Simplify reimbursement processes to reduce out-of-pocket expenditure.
  • Create inclusive health systems by integrating information systems.
  • Implement community-based primary healthcare in urban areas with seamless referral systems for better service integration and adherence.
  • UHC commitment in elections can transform health systems with political will, investment, and a coherent policy pathway across states.
+1 advantage for mains (Data points)

·                 Directive Principles such as Article 39 (e), Article 42, and Article 47 mandate the state to ensure public health improvement.

·                 International UHC Day and World Health Day emphasize health as a fundamental right.

·                 India has approximately 41 million inter-State migrant workers, as per Census 2011.

·                 The migration rate in India was recorded at 28.9% based on the Periodic Labour Force Survey (2020-21).

·                 About 49% of India’s population resides in urban slums, as reported by UN-Habitat/World Bank.

·                 India aims to increase public health financing to 2.5% of GDP, aligning with UHC goals

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