India’s burgeoning death penalty crisis

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Judiciary and tribunals, Issue: Death penalty reforms

Death Penalty Reforms:

  • The Supreme Court issued procedural guidelines, attempted to reform death penalty in Manoj vs The State of Madhya Pradesh (2022).
  • Death sentence reforms have not reached trial courts
  • Acquittals by higher courts reveal systemic failures in police, prosecution, and trial courts.
  • Case-specific acquittal decisions have failed to acknowledge systemic issues.
+1 Advantage for mains (Data Point): 86.96% of death sentences imposed without mandated information.

Prelims Connect (Project 39A): Inspired by Article 39-A of the Indian Constitution, a research project by National Law University Delhi.

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