Towards uniformity: On the UCC adopted by the Uttarakhand Assembly

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Polity

Topic: Legal Issues

Issue: Uniform Civil Code

Context: Uttarakhand legislative assembly adopted Uniform Civil Code.

Uniform Civil Code:

  • Involves providing a uniform code for civil matters like marriage, succession and divorce etc.
  • Constitutional Provision: Article 44 states that “The State shall endeavor to secure the citizen a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India”.
  • A UCC is a desirable and progressive goal for a secular country.
  • However, mere uniformity without making reasonable allowances for diverse cultural and social practices among different social groups may not be ideal.

Evolution of UCC Debate in India:

  • According to B.R. Ambedkar, the UCC, if enacted, should be voluntary in the initial stages.
  • The previous Law Commission:
    • A UCC is neither desirable nor necessary,
    • Each body of personal law should be reformed to eliminate discrimination or regressive practices.
  • The present Law Commission has revived the idea and has started gathering views from the public.

Uttarakhand UCC:

Positive features:

  • conferring legitimacy on children born of live-in relations and
  • mandating maintenance in the event of desertion.

Features violative of the Constitution:

  • Formalizing live-in relationships through registration.
  • It is intruding into individual’s privacy and make them vulnerable to social hostility.

+1 Advantage:


“In striving for uniformity, justice should not be lost. Uniformity is a consequence of Equality”.

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