‘10,000 genome’ project completed, says Centre

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Science and Technology, Topic: Bio technology, Issue: Genome India Project

Context: The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) announced the completion of the ‘10,000 genome’ project.

Genome Sequencing:

  • the process of determining the complete order of the chemical building blocks, called bases, that make up an organism’s DNA.
  • The bases are Adenine, Cytosine, Guanines, and Thymine.

The Genome India Project:

  • Aim: To collect 10,000 genetic samples from citizens across India.
    • to build a reference database of whole genome sequences.
  • Led by Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru and Centre For Cellular And Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad.
  • Benefits:
    • gain deeper insight into India’s population diversity,
    • find genetic predispositions to disease,
    • develop personalised and customisable drugs,
    • improve gene therapy etc.

Human Genome Project:

international research effort to determine the sequence of the human genome and identify the genes that it contains.

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