Committee will study ‘fast population growth’ and demographic changes: FM

National Family Health Survey(NFHS)-5 for 2019-21:

  • Total Fertility Rate(TFR) declined from 2(2015-16) to 2 at the national level which is below Replacement Level Fertility(RLF).
  • Total Fertility Rate: It is an average number of children that a woman would bear over her lifetime.
  • Replacement Level Fertility: is the total fertility rate at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next. This rate is roughly 1 children per woman.

Statement: ““India’s demographics are an opportunity as well as a challenge.”

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