Data marketplaces: the next frontier

Syllabus: GS- II, Subject: Polity, Topic: Rights issues, Issue: Non-Personal Data

Significance of Non-Personal Data (NPD):

  • NPD, devoid of personal identifiers, is seen as a potential public good.
  • Leveraging advanced analytics and AI on NPD can yield valuable insights across sectors like meteorology, disaster management, infrastructure planning etc.
  • NASSCOM projects data and AI will contribute $450-500 billion to GDP by 2025.

Concerns in use of NPD

  • NPD lacks regulation in India, leading to unregulated reservoirs and limited guidance on dissemination, use, and exchange.
  • Kris Gopalakrishnan committee(Committee on Non-Personal Data Governance Framework) highlighted issues like de-anonymization risk, central authority institutionalization, and data ownership and sharing mechanisms.
  • Risks of privacy breaches and unfair advantages for Big Tech.
  • Absence of standardized governance tools complicates NPD regulation and management.

The way ahead:

  • Regulatory design for data exchanges can digitize public-welfare functions, reducing administrative burdens and promoting participatory civic functions.
  • Formulate a blueprint to operationalize NPD principles, providing actionable pathways and frameworks for governance in data exchanges.
+1 Advantage for mains( Best practices)

●        Australia, the U.K., and Estonia have implemented data exchange frameworks in various sectors like housing, employment, and agriculture.

●        Telangana’s agriculture data exchange and India Urban Data Exchange by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs demonstrate initial efforts in India.

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