Heart diseases linked to maternal deaths? A study tries to join the dots.

Syllabus: GS-III; Subject: Science & Technology Topic: Medical science and Health, Issue: Study Report by Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR).

Context:  Indian Council of Medical Research Study on Heart Disease and Maternal Mortality.

Major Findings:

  • Heart disease emerging as a significant risk factor, despite control of other common risks.
  • India’s maternal mortality rate (MMR) reduced by 70% in two decades.

Causes and Risks of Heart Disease Among Mothers:

  • Pregnancy increases cardiovascular risk due to metabolic changes.
  • Valvular heart diseases and congenital heart diseases most common.

Current Status of Maternal Mortality:

  • Haemorrhage, infections, and hypertensive disorders are leading causes of maternal deaths.

Key Statistics:

  • Several states have achieved SDG targets for maternal mortality.
  • Top causes of maternal mortality: Haemorrhage (47%), pregnancy-related infections (12%), hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (7%).
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