India-France defence ties take a bigger leap

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: International Relations

Topic: India’s relations with major powers

Issue: India-France relationship

  • A “defence industrial roadmap
    • for cooperation on defence production and
    • for future collaboration on “co-design and co-development” of military hardware.
  • Identified domains of collaboration range from aircraft to land and maritime warfare, especially underwater domain awareness, to space, robotic technology, cyber-defence, and artificial intelligence-led vehicles.
  • Other agreements:
    • Defence-space partnership that will help collaborate on “space situational awareness” and
    • An MoU on coordinating satellite launches.
  • Defence deals in the pipeline
    • The 26 Rafale-M fighter jets for the Indian Navy’s aircraft carriers
    • Three additional Scorpene-class conventional submarines.


  • Press visa restrictions-French government raised the issue of a French journalist who could be deported.
  • No breakthrough on the civil nuclear cooperation agreement to build reactors at Jaitapur that was first signed in 2009.
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