Key aspect in poll bond case still alive: Money Bill route

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Polity

Topic: Elections and RPA

Tags: #Money_bill #electoral_bonds

Issue: Electoral bonds

Context: The electoral bonds judgement (ADR & Anr v UOI 2023) did not address the issue of using the money bill route to bring in the laws that introduced the electoral bonds.


  • The Electoral bonds scheme was introduced by the Finance Act, 2017, a money bill under Article 110 of the constitution.
  • Several amendments were made to acts like Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002, The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 through the money bill route.
  • Several petitions were filed in the Supreme Court challenging the abuse of Article 110 of the constitution.

+1 Advantage:

Government’s arguments Petitioner’s arguments
Speaker’s decision is final on certifying a bill as a money bill No constitutional authority can have unchecked powers.

Speaker has wrongly certified bills as money bills.


Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud, in 2018 had termed the government’s use of money bill route a “subterfuge” and “fraud on the Constitution”.

Article 110 (Definition of Money Bills)

  • A bill consisting of matters under Article 110 is considered a money bill.
  • The Speaker of Lok Sabha certifies a bill as a money bill.
  • A money bill need not be passed by Rajya Sabha.
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