Centre to clarify on Aadhaar as birth date proof, with risk riders

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Polity

Topic:  Citizenship

Issue: Aadhaar

Context: UIDAI to issue a clarification that those relying on the Aadhar for age may do so after undertaking a “risk based assessment”.


  • The UIDAI, asked all agencies to delete aadhaar from the list of acceptable documents for verifying a person’s date of birth.
  • Aadhaar cards now come with a prominent disclaimer that they are “a proof of identity, not of citizenship or date of birth”.


  • Aadhaar is a unique 12-digit identification number issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to all residents of India.
  • Proof of identity: It’s linked to an individual’s biometric and demographic information, including their name, address, date of birth, and fingerprint or iris scan.

Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)

  • Established in 2009 by a Gazette notification as a body attached to the Planning Commission.
  • Became a statutory authority under the provisions of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016.
  • Responsibilities
    • Aadhaar enrolment and authentication,
    • Developing the policy and procedures related.

The security of identity information and authentication records of individuals.

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