Jharkhand CM gives go ahead for caste survey

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Society and Social Justice

Topic: Social empowerment and welfare

Issue: Caste Census

Context: Jharkhand CM Champai Soren has given green signal for the caste based survey in the state.

Caste Census:

Enumerating the population based on their caste and sub-caste alongside other demographic details.

Benefits Issues / Concerns:
Identifying disadvantaged groups Complex task and prone to errors
Addressing social inequality Potential misuse for political gain or social discrimination.
Policy formulation- evidence-based policymaking Social tensions and divisions
Historical and sociological insights Legality is questioned


  • Introduced in 1881 and continued till the 1931 census.
  • Independent India’s governments stopped full caste enumeration on the apprehension that
  • it would strengthen caste divisions and perpetuate the caste system.
  • Even the OBC reservation, which was based on the Mandal Commission report, was extended from the caste/community-wise population figures of the 1931.

+1 Advantage:

Bihar Caste census:

  • The Bihar government conducted a two-phase caste based survey in 2023.
  • However a case was filed on the grounds that only the Union government can undertake a census, as per Entry 69 (Census) of Union List of the Seventh Schedule and Census Act,1948.
  • The Patna High Court upheld the validity of the survey, and held that the state government is competent to conduct caste-based surveys.

Statement (can also be used in sub-categorization of SCs topic)

“There is equality only among equals. To equate unequals is to perpetuate inequality.” – B.P Mandal Commission.

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