Nearly eight million displaced by Sudan war: United Nations

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: International Relations (I)

Topic: International institutions, agencies and for a

Issue: Sudan Refugees

Context: UN High Commissioner for Refugees called for urgent and additional support to meet the needs of Sudan refugees.

  • Sudan war – conflict between Sudan’s army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces erupted in mid-April last year.
  • Places in news(Prelims): Darfur region and Abyei

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees:

  • Established in 1950 to address the refugee crisis that resulted from World War II.
  • HQ: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Mandate:
    • To aid and protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities, and stateless people, and
    • To assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
  • Functions in accordance with the
    • 1951 Refugee Convention and
    • 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees
  • India is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its 1967 Protocol.
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