NISAR Mission on track for a launch soon: NASA official

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject: Science and Technology

Topic: Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology – Space

Context: NISAR mission is on track for an “early 2024” launch.

NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR):

  • Low Earth Orbit (LEO) observatory being jointly developed by NASA and ISRO.
  • Orbital period: It will map the entire globe in 12 days.
  • Objective: Provide spatially and temporally consistent data for understanding
    • a) Changes in Earth’s ecosystems, ice mass, vegetation biomass, sea level rise, ground water
    • b) Natural hazards including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes and landslides.
  • Payloads: L and S dual band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for high resolution data.
  • Mission Life: Three years.
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