RS passes Bills to add Pahari’s, and Valmiki to ST, and SC lists in J&K.

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Polity

Topic: Legal Issues

Issue: Alteration of lists of SC/ST’s.

Context: The Rajya Sabha passed the Constitution (Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) Orders (Amendment) Bill, 2024.

Key Provisions of the bill:

  • It aims to modify the list of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Odisha.
  • Communities added to the Scheduled Tribes list include Muka Dora, Mooka Dora, Nuka Dora, Nooka Dora, Konda Reddy, and Konda Reddi in specific districts.
  • Tamadia and Tamudia communities are removed from the Scheduled Castes list and added to the Scheduled Tribes list in Odisha.
  • Synonyms or phonetic variations for certain communities are included in the Scheduled Tribes list in Odisha.

Prelims Connect:

Procedure for Inclusion/Exclusion:

  • Communities in the Scheduled Tribes or Scheduled Castes list require Presidential assent to a bill that amends the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, and the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950.

Articles in The News:

  • Article 342(1): It grants the President authority to specify tribes or tribal communities within any State or Union Territory, following consultation with the Governor and through public notification.
  • Article 342(2): It empowers Parliament to legislate the inclusion or exclusion of tribes or tribal communities from the list specified under Article 342(1). Once notified, changes cannot be altered arbitrarily by subsequent notifications.
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