Turkiye finally backs Sweden’s NATO bid: Why the opposition, why it changed its stance.

 Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: International Relations

Topic: International Institution

Context: Sweden’s attempt to join NATO cleared a major hurdle after Turkiye’s parliament supported its membership

Issue: Swden’s NATO membership.


  • Turkey and Hungary previously opposed Sweden’s NATO bid, but Turkey’s recent support marks a significant shift.
  • Sweden’s membership would strengthen NATO’s strategic position by extending its presence along almost the entire Baltic Sea coastline.

Institution in News(Prelims):

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO):

  • Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium.
  • security alliance of 30 North American and European countries, recently joined by Finland as the 31st member.
  • Its primary goal is to ensure the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.


  • Political: Promotes democratic values, facilitates consultation among members, and addresses defense and security issues to prevent conflicts.
  • Military: Supports peaceful dispute resolution and conducts crisis-management operations if diplomatic efforts fail.
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