War of attrition

Syllabus: GS- III, Subject: Internal Security, Topic: Left wing extremism, Issue: Maoist insurgency

Context: 29 Maoists were killed in Bastar region in Chattisgarh.

Trends in war against Maoist insurgency:

  • The war against the Maoists has settled into a pattern, with recent blows to the insurgents by security forces.
  • The Maoists have diminished as a political-ideological force but retain the ability to target security forces.
  • Security forces use unconventional tactics and new routes to target Maoist cadres.
  • Maoists remain a threat due to difficult terrain and support from some discontented tribals.
  • Indian state strategy involves military action and winning over tribals with welfare measures.
  • Previous tactics, like arming tribals, backfired, leading to a change in approach.
  • Expansion of the welfare state has reduced Maoist propaganda about state exploitation.
  • Some tribals have deserted the Maoists due to fatigue with warfare and violence.
  • In Chhattisgarh, constant warfare has allowed Maoists to tap into discontent.
  • Civil society and peace activists have tried ceasefire talks, but Maoists refuse to give up violent ideology.
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