27.6 million people engaged in forced labour in 2021: ILO

Syllabus: GS-II, Subject: Current Affairs Topic: Indices and reports, Issue: Forced Labour.

Context: A report titled “Profits and poverty: The economics of forced labour” released by ILO.

Highlights (Data for mains)

  • An estimated 27.6 million people engage in forced labour globally, with an increase of 2.7 million between 2016 and 2021.
  • Forced commercial sexual exploitation generates 73% of total illegal profits, despite only 27% of victims being involved.


  • Urgent international action is needed addressing the role of forced labour in perpetuating poverty and exploitation.
  • Investment in enforcement, legal frameworks, official training.
  • A comprehensive approach including tackling root causes, safeguarding victims, and promoting fair labor practices.
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