INCOIS unveils a coastal water quality monitoring system.

Syllabus: GS-III, Subject: Environment, Ecology and Disaster Management  Topic: Pollution, Issue: Coastal water monitoring system.

Context: INCOIS unveils the Water Quality Nowcast System (WQNS) for east and west sea coastlines.

Key Functions:

  • To monitor natural and industrial influences on coastal water quality in real time.
  • Uses moored buoys with sensors for 22 parameters like currents, pH, and nutrients.
  • Preliminary results show short-term changes during monsoon periods, such as
    • depleted oxygen off Kochi and
    • high carbon dioxide off Visakhapatnam.

Prelims Connect:(Institutions in news)

INCOIS:(Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services)

●   Established in 1999, it is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES)

●   Located in Hyderabad.

●   Operates as a unit of the Earth System Science Organization (ESSO).

●   Mandated to provide top-quality ocean information and advisory services to society, industry, government agencies, and the scientific community.

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