3Five ­judge SC Bench to sit today to hear conflict between Calcutta High Court judges.

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Judiciary and Tribunals

Topic: Jurisdiction of SC and HC – Spatial and Functional

Issue: Review Jurisdiction.

Hierarchy of judicial orders:


Review jurisdiction:

  • The Supreme Court has the power to review its own judgements/orders by virtue of Article 137 of the constitution.
  • Every High court, being the court of record under Article 215 also has the power to review their own judgements.
  • The judgements of larger benches are legally binding on smaller benches. Small benches cannot either doubt/disobey the orders of larger benches.

Appellate jurisdiction:

  • The judgements of subordinate courts can be appealed in High Courts and the judgements of High courts in Supreme Court.
  • Under Article 141, the law declared by the Supreme Court shall be binding on all courts within the territory of India.
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