Centre starts survey to assess women participation in workforce.

Syllabus: GS-II

Subject: Society and Social Justice (S)

Topic: Welfare schemes, mechanisms, laws and institutions related to Women.

Issue: Female Labour Force Participation Rate

Context: The Union Ministries of Labour & Employment and Women & Child Development have started a joint survey on increasing women participation in the workforce.


  • As per Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) the women participation in labour force was.

(Data for Mains)

  • Labour codes – specific provisions for safeguarding the employment of women workers:
    • The Code on Social Security, 2020 provides for
      • enhanced paid maternity leave,
      • provision for mandatory crèche facilities in establishments having 50 or more employees,
      • permitting women workers in the night shifts with adequate safety measures, etc.
    • The Code on Occupational Safety, Health And Working Conditions, 2020 has proposed tweaks in employment terms and conditions for women workers in the above-ground mines.
    • The Code on Wages 2019 has provisions for no gender-based discrimination for wages in an establishment for similar nature of work i.e. equal pay for equal work.
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