Escalation ladder

Syllabus: GS- II, Subject: International Relations, Topic: Global Issues, Issue: Regional tensions in West Asia

Context: Israel’s attack on Iranian embassy in Syria.


  • Diplomatic premises, including embassies, are protected under international law(Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations,1961).
  • Israel perceives Iran as the central figure behind non-state militias in the region and seeks to diminish its influence.
  • Despite calls to cease attacks on Gaza, Israel appears inclined to escalate regional tensions further.


  • An open war between Israel and Iran could have severe security and economic repercussions for the region and the world.
  • Iran is urged to show strategic patience and restraint, while the U.S. is called upon to restrain Israel from further escalation.
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