Gravity-based structures(GBS) are the future for offshore LNG regasification units: Crown LNG CEO.

Syllabus: GS-III

Subject: Science & Technology (T)

Topic: Emerging Technologies

Context: Kakinada terminal will be India’s first, and possibly the world’s second, GBS LNG terminal, offering round-the-year operations.

GBS –Understanding Terminology

  • GBS is described as a concrete structure with a ballast section at the bottom, which, when filled with gravel, makes the structure heavy enough to sink and sit on the seabed.
  • GBS units rely on gravity for stability rather than being bolted or held by cables.

Advantages of GBS units:

  • Safer working environment due to stability in sea wave volatility.
  • No additional pressure on ports as it has an offshore landfall point.
  • Longer economic life and potential relocation to new markets if needed.
  • Attractive proposition for international financiers due to longer asset life and flexibility.

Comparison with other LNG terminals:

  • GBS units are estimated to have lower project costs compared to floating storage regasification units (FSRUs), and land-based terminals due to fewer overheads like breakwater construction and ongoing dredging expenses.
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