India now eyes Africa for critical minerals

Syllabus: GS-I  Subject: Geography Topic: Resources – World and India Issue: Critical minerals

Context: India is looking at Africa for critical minerals.

  • India is looking at Zambia, Namibia, Congo, Ghana and Mozambique for minerals.
  • The Geological Survey of India found 9 million tonnes of lithium-inferred resources in Salal-Haimana area of Reasi district of J&K.

Critical Minerals are a type of mineral resource that meet two key criteria:

  • Essential for Modern Technologies like clean energy technologies, electronics, and defense systems.
  • Supply Chain Risks due to factors like:
    • Limited geological availability
    • Concentration of their extraction or processing in just a few countries
    • Geopolitical issues or trade policies

Examples: Lithium, nickel, cobalt, and graphite which are vital for battery performance in electric vehicles and electronics.

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