N-energy as climate solution.

Syllabus: GS-I, Subject: Geography, Topic: Industry – World and India, Issue: Nuclear Power plants

Context: Nuclear Energy Summit in Brussels was organized to promote use of nuclear energy as substitute to fossil fuel

Nuclear energy as substitute to fossil fuel:

  • Offers clean electricity generation with minimal carbon footprint.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions during the entire life cycle are significantly lower than coal and comparable to solar and wind.
  • Perennial availability unlike solar or wind energy
  • A key component in decarbonization pathways recommended by the IPCC.

Reason behind low use of nuclear technology:

  • Safety concerns, high costs, and lengthy construction times.
  • Nuclear technology has not seen breakthroughs to drive down costs.
  • Small modular reactor technology, often discussed as a solution, is not yet mature.

The way ahead:

  • Recently in COP28 about 20 countries pledged to work towards tripling global nuclear energy installed capacity by 2050.
+1 advantage for mains (India-nuclear energy)

·         India views nuclear power as a clean, reliable, and 24×7 source of energy for long-term energy security.

·         India currently operates 23 nuclear reactors with plans for rapid expansion.

·         Operational reactors have a combined capacity of 7,480 MW, expected to triple to 22,480 MW by 2031-32.

·         The share of nuclear energy in India’s electricity generation mix is currently around 3.1%, among the lowest for nuclear-powered countries.

·         Despite potential, India did not join the tripling declaration at COP28.

Scroll to Top